Pregnant clients may not be up to training for their first triathlon, but they don’t have to skip their workouts altogether.

In fact, consistent exercise will help clients as they prepare for childbirth and, later, as they return to prepregnancy activity levels. Benefits of regular exercise during and after pregnancy include the following (Garshasbi & Faghih Zadeh 2005; Mayo Clinic 2004):

  •     Reduced incidence of back pain
  •     Boosted energy
  •     Fewer problems with constipation
  •     Increased muscle strength and a superior cardiovascular condition, which can facilitate labor and delivery
  •     Improved endurance, to prepare for the possibility of a longer labor
  •     Improved mood states
  •     Reduced postpartum recovery time

Designing an Appropriate Program

Dealing with many Pre/Postnatal client’s hormonal, metabolic, respiratory, cardiovascular and muscular-skeletal. In a Pre/Postnatal environment. Getting my client’s exercise plan approved by her physician before getting started and then maintaining an open dialogue with the physician throughout the pregnancy and postpartum period is essential for effective guidance and good practice.

Any fitness professional who works with Pre/Postnatal women should be familiar with the guidelines developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG 1994b). Of course, there are always exceptions to guidelines; Your doctor will let you know if any exceptions apply to you.

Research suggests that during pregnancy, women can continue to derive health benefits from regular exercise (at least three times per week). No data indicate that limiting intensity or lowering target heart rates is necessary to avoid potential adverse effects. With a doctor’s approval, some exercises may be continued at intensities similar to those maintained prior to pregnancy.

Published in Nutrition

Obesity is a term used to describe somebody who is very overweight, with a lot of body fat.
It''s a common problem, estimated to affect around one in every four adults and around one in every five children aged 10 to 11 in the UK.

What is Obesity?

There are many ways in which a person''s health in relation to their weight can be classified, but the most widely used method is body mass index (BMI).
BMI is a measure of whether you''re a healthy weight for your height. You can use the BMI healthy weight calculator to work out your score.
For most adults:a BMI of 25 to 29.9 means you are considered overweight

a BMI of 30 to 39.9 means you are considered obese
a BMI of 40 or above means you are considered severely obese
BMI is not used to definitively diagnose obesity  as people who are very muscular sometimes have a high BMI, without excess fat – but for most people, it can be a useful indication of whether they may be overweight.
A better measure of excess fat is waist circumference, and can be used as an additional measure in people who are overweight (with a BMI of 25 to 29.9) or moderately obese (with a BMI of 30 to 34.9).
Generally, men with a waist circumference of 94cm or more and women with a waist circumference of 80cm or more are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems.
Read more about diagnosing obesity.

Risks of obesity

Taking steps to tackle obesity is important because, in addition to causing obvious physical changes, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions, such as:
type 2 diabetes 
coronary heart disease 
some types of cancer, such as breast cancer and bowel cancer
stroke
Obesity can also affect your quality of life and lead to psychological problems, such as low self-esteem or depression.
Read more about the complications of obesity.
Causes of obesity
Obesity is generally caused by consuming more calories  particularly those in fatty and sugary foods  than you burn off through physical activity. The excess energy is then stored by the body as fat.
Obesity is an increasingly common problem, because many modern lifestyles often promote eating excessive amounts of cheap, high-calorie food and spending a lot of time sitting at desks, on sofas or in cars.
There are also some underlying health conditions that can occasionally contribute to weight gain, such as an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), although conditions such as this don’t usually cause weight problems if they are effectively controlled with medication.
Read more about the causes of obesity.

Treating obesity


The best way to treat obesity is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and to exercise regularly. To do this you should:
eat a balanced, calorie-controlled diet as recommended by your GP or weight loss management health professional (such as a dietitian)
join a local weight loss group
take up activities such as fast walking, jogging, swimming or tennis for 150-300 minutes a week
eat slowly and avoid situations where you know you could be tempted to overeat
You may also benefit from psychological support from a trained healthcare professional, to help change the way you think about food and eating.
If lifestyle changes alone don''t help you lose weight, a medication called orlistat may be recommended. If taken correctly, this medication works by reducing the amount of the fat you absorb during digestion. Your GP will know whether orlistat is suitable for you.

In rare cases, weight loss surgery may be recommended.

Published in Nutrition

Obesity is a term used to describe somebody who is very overweight, with a lot of body fat.
It''s a common problem, estimated to affect around one in every four adults and around one in every five children aged 10 to 11 in the UK.

What is Obesity?

There are many ways in which a person''s health in relation to their weight can be classified, but the most widely used method is body mass index (BMI).
BMI is a measure of whether you''re a healthy weight for your height. You can use the BMI healthy weight calculator to work out your score.
For most adults:a BMI of 25 to 29.9 means you are considered overweight

a BMI of 30 to 39.9 means you are considered obese
a BMI of 40 or above means you are considered severely obese
BMI is not used to definitively diagnose obesity  as people who are very muscular sometimes have a high BMI, without excess fat – but for most people, it can be a useful indication of whether they may be overweight.
A better measure of excess fat is waist circumference, and can be used as an additional measure in people who are overweight (with a BMI of 25 to 29.9) or moderately obese (with a BMI of 30 to 34.9).
Generally, men with a waist circumference of 94cm or more and women with a waist circumference of 80cm or more are more likely to develop obesity-related health problems.
Read more about diagnosing obesity.


Risks of obesity


Taking steps to tackle obesity is important because, in addition to causing obvious physical changes, it can lead to a number of serious and potentially life-threatening conditions, such as:
type 2 diabetes 
coronary heart disease 
some types of cancer, such as breast cancer and bowel cancer
stroke
Obesity can also affect your quality of life and lead to psychological problems, such as low self-esteem or depression.
Read more about the complications of obesity.
Causes of obesity
Obesity is generally caused by consuming more calories  particularly those in fatty and sugary foods  than you burn off through physical activity. The excess energy is then stored by the body as fat.
Obesity is an increasingly common problem, because many modern lifestyles often promote eating excessive amounts of cheap, high-calorie food and spending a lot of time sitting at desks, on sofas or in cars.
There are also some underlying health conditions that can occasionally contribute to weight gain, such as an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), although conditions such as this don’t usually cause weight problems if they are effectively controlled with medication.
Read more about the causes of obesity.

Treating obesity

The best way to treat obesity is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and to exercise regularly. To do this you should:
eat a balanced, calorie-controlled diet as recommended by your GP or weight loss management health professional (such as a dietitian)
join a local weight loss group
take up activities such as fast walking, jogging, swimming or tennis for 150-300 minutes a week
eat slowly and avoid situations where you know you could be tempted to overeat
You may also benefit from psychological support from a trained healthcare professional, to help change the way you think about food and eating.
If lifestyle changes alone don''t help you lose weight, a medication called orlistat may be recommended. If taken correctly, this medication works by reducing the amount of the fat you absorb during digestion. Your GP will know whether orlistat is suitable for you.

In rare cases, weight loss surgery may be recommended.

 

Published in Nutrition

Posuere ornare vulputate sit erat ad et quam in. Nonummy dignissim suspendisse tincidunt diam sit ipsum potenti leo malesuada amet sociis nascetur vestibulum varius. Phasellus malesuada sociosqu. Sed in donec. Venenatis massa massa tempor libero integer elementum a arcu lobortis autem consectetur. Libero amet lacinia tincidunt magna in. Neque est nibh. In augue velit.

Published in K2 Content

Posuere ornare vulputate sit erat ad et quam in. Nonummy dignissim suspendisse tincidunt diam sit ipsum potenti leo malesuada amet sociis nascetur vestibulum varius. Phasellus malesuada sociosqu. Sed in donec. Venenatis massa massa tempor libero integer elementum a arcu lobortis autem consectetur. Libero amet lacinia tincidunt magna in. Neque est nibh. In augue velit.

Published in K2 Content

Posuere ornare vulputate sit erat ad et quam in. Nonummy dignissim suspendisse tincidunt diam sit ipsum potenti leo malesuada amet sociis nascetur vestibulum varius. Phasellus malesuada sociosqu. Sed in donec. Venenatis massa massa tempor libero integer elementum a arcu lobortis autem consectetur. Libero amet lacinia tincidunt magna in. Neque est nibh. In augue velit.

Published in K2 Content

Posuere ornare vulputate sit erat ad et quam in. Nonummy dignissim suspendisse tincidunt diam sit ipsum potenti leo malesuada amet sociis nascetur vestibulum varius. Phasellus malesuada sociosqu. Sed in donec. Venenatis massa massa tempor libero integer elementum a arcu lobortis autem consectetur. Libero amet lacinia tincidunt magna in. Neque est nibh. In augue velit.

Published in K2 Content

 © 2015 Durwayne Mcpherson

Powered by AceObjects. All Rights Reserved.